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Biodiversity Heritage Library

Inspiring discovery through free access to biodiversity knowledge. | The Biodiversity Heritage Library improves research methodology by collaboratively making biodiversity literature openly available to the world as part of a global biodiversity community.

BHL also serves as the foundational literature component of the Encyclopedia of Life .

The Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) is a consortium of natural history and botanical libraries that cooperate to digitize the legacy literature of biodiversity held in their collections and to make that literature available for open access and responsible use as a part of a global “biodiversity commons.” The BHL consortium works with the international taxonomic community, rights holders, and other interested parties to ensure that this biodiversity heritage is made available to a global audience through open access principles. In partnership with the Internet Archive and through local digitization efforts, the BHL has digitized millions of pages of taxonomic literature, representing nearly 100,000 titles and over 160,000 volumes.

186,781
RESULTS
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Media Type
17
collections
186,764
texts
Year
1,147
1971
1,132
1950
2,000
1933
2,135
1932
2,118
1931
2,414
1930
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Topics & Subjects
13,804
Plants, Ornamental Catalogs
13,223
Flowers Seeds Catalogs
10,905
Vegetables Seeds Catalogs
9,373
Natural history
9,111
Science
8,022
Botany
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Collection
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Creator
1,207
united states. bureau of entomology and plant quarantine
1,088
engelmann, george,
724
u.s. fish and wildlife service
684
golden gate audubon society.; audubon association of the pacific.; audubon society of the pacific.
652
muséum national d'histoire naturelle, paris auteur
569
harvard university. museum of comparative zoology
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Language
139,303
English
15,736
German
13,331
French
2,793
Latin
2,751
Spanish
2,515
Italian
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SHOW DETAILS
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eye
Title
Date Published
Creator
botanicus
collection
8,530
ITEMS
7.1M
VIEWS
collection
eye 7.1M
Botanicus is a freely accessible portal to historic botanical literature from the Missouri Botanical Garden, Peter H. Raven Library. Botanicus is made possible through support from the Institute of Museum and Library Services, W.M. Keck Foundation, and the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.
Topic: botanicus biodiversity missouri botanical garden library
Chinese Academy Science
collection
1,043
ITEMS
1M
VIEWS
collection
eye 1M
The Chinese Academy of Science
Topic: chinese academy science
Expanding Access to Biodiversity Literature
collection
7,361
ITEMS
449,261
VIEWS
collection
eye 449,261
Expanding Access to Biodiversity Literature, which is funded generously by the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS), will significantly increase online access to biodiversity material by positioning the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) as an on-ramp for biodiversity content providers that would like to contribute to the national digital library infrastructure through the Digital Public Library of America (DPLA).
darwinslibrary
collection
315
ITEMS
275,920
VIEWS
collection
eye 275,920
A scholarly edition of Darwin's scientific archive.
Topic: charles darwin biodiversity heritage library missouri botanical garden
Biodiversity Heritage Library Seed & Nursery Catalogs
collection
1,613
ITEMS
240,114
VIEWS
collection
eye 240,114
Biodiversity Heritage Library Seed & Nursery Catalogs
statement of responsibility: collected from most authentick authors, augmented with later observations, and adorn'd with maps and sculptures by John Ogilby
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Smithsonian Field Books
collection
2,762
ITEMS
206,320
VIEWS
collection
eye 206,320
This collection contains items from the Smithsonian Field Book Project, an initiative to increase accessibility to field book content that documents natural history.
Topic: Natural history
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by American Society for Microbiology; Bergey, D. H. (David Hendricks), 1860-1937; Breed, Robert S. (Robert Stanley), 1877-1956
texts
eye 173,387
favorite 24
comment 2
Includes bibliographies
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 2 reviews )
Topics: Bacteriology, Bacteria -- classification, Bacteriology
BHL Field Notes Project
collection
3,521
ITEMS
142,091
VIEWS
collection
eye 142,091
The BHL Field Notes Project is a collaborative project funded by the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR). It provides open access to field notes from institutions throughout the United States. Building on the work of the Smithsonian Field Book Project, the BHL Field Notes Project aims not only to provide general access to this material, but to reunite fragmented collections through institutional collaboration. Doing so will provide a more complete picture of the expeditions,...
collection
eye 80,380
The Library, Art & Archives of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew was established 160 years ago and contains one of the largest collections of material in the world relating to botany. The collections comprise 300,000 printed volumes, 5,000 journal titles and 11,000 maps. The Art and Illustrations Collection is without equal and is made up of over 200,000 items – watercolours, prints, drawings, oil paintings and photographs – by some of the finest artists working in the field of botanical...
Cornell University Library
texts
eye 73,184
favorite 7
comment 1
The metadata below describe the original scanning. Follow the "All Files: HTTP" link in the "View the book" box to the left to find XML files that contain more metadata about the original images and the derived formats (OCR results, PDF etc.). See also the What is the directory structure for the texts? FAQ for information about file content and naming conventions.
favoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Poultry
10
favoritefavoritefavorite ( 2 reviews )
Topics: Botany -- Great Britain, Wild flowers -- Great Britain Identification
Topics: Plants, Plant names, Popular
The Library of Congress
by Korinek, Charles James, 1880- [from old catalog]
texts
eye 61,271
favorite 4
comment 1
favoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Cattle
University of Toronto - John M. Kelly Library
by Darwin, Charles, 1809-1882
texts
eye 53,092
favorite 59
comment 0
Previously published as: On the origin of species by means of natural selection
Topics: Evolution, Natural selection
Bibliographies interspersed
Topic: Insects
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Dieter, George Ellwood
texts
eye 45,420
favorite 19
comment 5
Includes bibliography
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 5 reviews )
Topics: Strength of materials, Physical metallurgy, Metal-work
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Thompson, D'Arcy Wentworth, 1860-1948
texts
eye 43,904
favorite 37
comment 1
Includes bibliographical references and index
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Growth, Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Piper, Robert G
texts
eye 37,242
favorite 7
comment 0
Includes bibliographies and index
Topic: Fish hatcheries -- Management
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by American Society for Microbiology; Breed, Robert S. (Robert Stanley), 1877-1956; Bergey, D. H. (David Hendricks), 1860-1937; Hitchens, Arthur Parker, 1877-; Murray, Everitt George Dunne, 1890-
texts
eye 35,636
favorite 3
comment 0
Topics: Bacteriology, Schizomycetes, Bacteriologia
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Royal Society (Great Britain)
texts
eye 33,054
favorite 0
comment 0
Topic: Plants
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Snodgrass, R. E. (Robert E.), 1875-1962
texts
eye 30,244
favorite 66
comment 6
Insects, their way and means of living. Copy 1 (STRI) 7718. 362 p. illus.
favoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 6 reviews )
Topic: Insects
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Ingersoll, Ernest, 1852-1946
texts
eye 28,778
favorite 38
comment 2
favoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 2 reviews )
Topics: Birds -- Folklore, Birds
botanicus
by Asiatic Society (Calcutta, India)
texts
eye 28,112
favorite 3
comment 0
Topics: Asia, India
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Chidester, Floyd Earle, 1884-1947
texts
eye 25,891
favorite 11
comment 0
Contains bibliographies
Topic: Zoology
Pacific Northwest Horticulture
collection
777
ITEMS
25,758
VIEWS
collection
eye 25,758
Pacific Northwest plant and garden society publications.
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Beveridge, W. I. B. (William Ian Beardmore), 1908-
texts
eye 24,585
favorite 28
comment 1
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Research
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Potter, George Edwin, 1898-
texts
eye 24,560
favorite 28
comment 1
Bibliography: p. 889-904
favoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Zoology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Kirtikar, Kanhoba Ranchoddas, 1849-1917; Basu, Baman Das, 1867-1930
texts
eye 23,232
favorite 11
comment 0
The letters I.C.S. in title probably refer to "an able member of the Indian civil service," who assisted in the botanical description. cf. Pref., p. [v]-vi
Topics: Botany, Botany, Medical
The Library of Congress
texts
eye 23,134
favorite 1
comment 0
Topic: Cockfighting
Originally published in 1652 under title: The English physician
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 2 reviews )
Topics: Materia medica, Botany, Medical, Herbs
14
Topics: English language -- Glossaries, vocabularies, etc, Gaelic language -- Glossaries, vocabularies,...
OISE/UT Library
by Pliny, the Elder; Rackham, H. (Harris), 1868-1944
texts
eye 22,135
favorite 13
comment 1
Latin and English on opposite pages
favoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Natural history
Journal move 1991
Topics: Fishes -- North America, Fishes
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 21,348
favorite 2
comment 0
Topics: Stains and staining (Microscopy), Stains and Staining, Dyes
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 20,963
favorite 3
comment 0
Bibliography: p. 183-188
Topics: Pteridophyta, Botany -- Morphology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Strasburger, Eduard, 1844-1912; Schenck, H. (Heinrich), 1860-1927; Noll, Fritz, 1858-1908; Karsten, George, 1863-1937; Lang, W. H. (William Henry), b. 1874
texts
eye 20,705
favorite 9
comment 0
"Index of literature": p. 691-715
Topic: Botany -- Textbooks
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 19,819
favorite 19
comment 0
Source: London, UK
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by American Society for Microbiology. Committee on Bacteriological Technic
texts
eye 19,763
favorite 4
comment 1
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Microbiology -- Technique, Bacteriology -- Cultures and culture media
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Maheshwari, P. (Panchanan), 1904-1966
texts
eye 19,172
favorite 2
comment 0
Includes bibliographies
Topics: Angiosperms, Botany -- Embryology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 19,172
favorite 1
comment 0
Vols. 45, 47, 48, 50 and 52 were published as "Quarterly issue, v. 1-5, 1903-10", designed as a medium for the early publication of the results of researches and for reports of a preliminary nature; this form of publication was discontinued after v. 52
Topic: Science
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Waksman, Selman A. (Selman Abraham), 1888-1973
texts
eye 19,136
favorite 1
comment 0
Bibliography: p. xi-xix
Topics: Soil microbiology, Microorganisms
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Española de Historia Natural
texts
eye 18,438
favorite 2
comment 0
Suspended July 1937-Dec. 1939
Topic: Natural history
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 18,355
favorite 0
comment 0
Includes bibliographical references (p. 482-495) and index
Topics: Frederick H. Rawson-Field museum ethnological expedition to West Africa, 1929-1930, Ethnology --...
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Harvey, E. Newton (Edmund Newton), 1887-1959
texts
eye 18,347
favorite 16
comment 0
Bibliography: p. 601-669
Topics: Luminescence, Phosphorescence, Fluorescence
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 18,340
favorite 1
comment 0
GeoRef
Topic: Science
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Kirtikar, Kanhoba Ranchoddas, 1849-1917; Basu, Baman Das, 1867-1930
texts
eye 18,258
favorite 8
comment 0
The letters I.C.S. in title probably refer to "an able member of the Indian civil service," who assisted in the botanical description. cf. Pref., p. [v]-vi
Topics: Botany, Botany, Medical
14
Topics: Agriculture, English language, English language, Home economics, cbk
The Library of Congress
texts
eye 17,826
favorite 3
comment 0
Topic: Mink farming
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Humason, Gretchen L
texts
eye 17,403
favorite 2
comment 0
Topics: Histology -- Technique, Stains and staining (Microscopy), Histochemistry -- Technique
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Mann, Thaddeus, 1908-
texts
eye 17,014
favorite 3
comment 0
Topics: Semen, Spermatozoa, Genitalia, Male, Semen
OISE/UT Library
by Pliny, the Elder; Rackham, H. (Harris), 1868-1944
texts
eye 16,950
favorite 6
comment 0
Latin and English on opposite pages
Topic: Natural history
Topic: Plants
University of Toronto - Robarts Library
texts
eye 16,765
favorite 3
comment 0
26
Topics: Encyclopedias and dictionaries -- Early works to 1600, Education of princes, Civilization,...
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
texts
eye 16,724
favorite 0
comment 0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Royal Colonial Institute (Great Britain)
texts
eye 16,692
favorite 2
comment 0
Topics: Royal Colonial Institute (Great Britain), Great Britain -- Colonies Periodicals
"Abbreviations and publication references" : p. 77-78
favoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Materia medica -- Iran, Botany, Medical, Botany -- Iran, Botany -- Iraq, Medicine -- Formulae,...
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by United States. Army. Corps of Engineers; Coastal Engineering Research Center (U.S.)
texts
eye 16,451
favorite 5
comment 0
Includes bibliographies and index
Topics: Coastal engineering, Shore protection
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 16,423
favorite 1
comment 0
Bibliography: 7th prelim. page
Topics: Electronics, Physics, German language
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Young, J. Z. (John Zachary), 1907-
texts
eye 16,183
favorite 12
comment 2
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 2 reviews )
Topics: Vertebrates, Vertebrates, Fossil
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 16,034
favorite 1
comment 0
Issues for 1858- bound in 2 vols. annually, called: nouvelle période, année 1858, t. 1-
University of Toronto - Robarts Library
texts
eye 15,825
favorite 2
comment 0
26 52
Topic: Agriculture -- Early works to 1800
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Cientfica Argentina; Congreso Cientfico Latino Americano (1st : 1898 : Buenos Aires, Argentina); Congreso Cientfico Latino Americano (1910 : Buenos Aires, Argentina)
texts
eye 15,286
favorite 0
comment 0
The society organized the "Congreso Cientifico Latino Americano" held in Buenos Aires in 1898, and the "Congreso Cientifico International Americano" held in the same city in 1910; the results of these congresses (organization, membership, etc., and some of the papers) were published in the Anales, v. 45, 1898, and v. 69-70, 1910
Topics: Science, Science -- Argentina
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Willis, J. C. (John Christopher), 1868-1958
texts
eye 15,251
favorite 8
comment 0
Topic: Botany
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by United States. Office of Scientific Research and Development; Bush, Vannevar, 1890-1974
texts
eye 15,236
favorite 4
comment 0
Topics: Science and state -- United States, Research -- United States
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 15,076
favorite 1
comment 0
Includes bibliography
Topics: Protozoa, Pathogenic, Veterinary protozoology, Medical protozoology
"A short list of Leeuwenhoek's writings": p. 388-397
Topics: Leeuwenhoek, Antoni van, 1632-1723, Protozoa, Bacteria, Bacteriology, Microbiology, Science
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Kudo, Richard R. (Richard Roksabro), b. 1886
texts
eye 14,787
favorite 1
comment 0
Topic: Protozoa
The Library of Congress
by Craig, Robert Alexander, 1872-
texts
eye 14,697
favorite 2
comment 0
"Reference books": p. 328
Topic: Veterinary medicine
University of Toronto - John M. Kelly Library
by Bergson, Henri, 1859-1941
texts
eye 14,682
favorite 11
comment 0
Topics: Metaphysics, Evolution, Life
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
texts
eye 14,637
favorite 0
comment 0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
texts
eye 14,434
favorite 0
comment 0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Topic: Livestock brands
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Riley, Herbert Parkes, 1904-
texts
eye 14,357
favorite 7
comment 0
Bibliography: p. 545-569
Topic: Cytogenetics
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Little, Elbert Luther, 1907-; Wadsworth, Frank H. (Frank Howard)
texts
eye 14,122
favorite 14
comment 0
Bibliography: p. 18
Topics: Trees -- Puerto Rico, Trees -- Virgin Islands of the United States